Water Crisis in Amboseli, Kenya
The Maasai in Amboseli, Kenya are facing severe challenges due to lack of clean water. MCV has received reports of Maasai children dying due to water-borne diseases in this area. Due to climate change and other factors, the droughts are increasing and it is severely affecting the Maasai community, and the shortage of water is causing many health problems and even deaths.
Collecting water is a females role, many women are suffering from severe spinal pain and headaches from carrying water long distances. It can take 80% of a women’s day to gather water, leaving the women hardly any time to engage in other income-generating activities, such as beadwork. Maasai girls often do not go to school; they spend their days helping their mothers carry water. Over 95% of the people are living below poverty; it is estimated they are living off less than $2/ day. Livestock is the primary source of food, nutrition, and income. However, lack of water severely affects the livestock, reducing the number of cattle and goats which negatively impacts the communities health and economic viability.
Irkaswaa village is a traditional Maasai community located in the southern portion of Kenya, just 6 miles from the border of Tanzania at the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro. Women often walked 15 kilometers a day to a water source which was contaminated. Our team took samples of several sources of water used by the community and determined that they all were contaminated by either E. Coli or coliform. The community experienced a high rate of fatal waterborne illness due to this contamination. Over the following year, MCV and our partners’ Engineers Without Borders worked with the leaders of the community to develop a sustainable solution to the problem.
The first stage of this project was implemented in March of 2018. We installed a water pump in an existing borehole located centrally in Irkaswaa. A diesel generator was installed to power the pump. Piping and tap stands were installed so that the community has easy central access to the water. Our budget did not allow for a permanent tank to built at the time of implementation, so a temporary plastic water storage tank was placed with the intention of replacing it with a permanent tank during the next phase.
We are currently planning and fundraising for the second stage of the project, which will be the construction of the permanent water storage tank. The final stage of the project will be to install a distribution system in Irkaswaa to pipe water to two additional points in the community. This will further limit the distance women have to travel to collect water. Additional distribution points will include tap stands for human consumption of water and animal troughs so that the community can water their livestock. The additional distribution points may be installed during one or two trips, depending on funding.
Region within Country: Kaijado South District
Community: Irkaswaa Village
Number of people who will benefit :
Number of People Directly Affected:
Approximately 3,000 people
Number of People Indirectly Affected:
Approximately 1,000 people
Number of Livestock that will benefit :
Number of Cattle:
Number of Sheep & Goats:
MCV Sustainable Clean Water for Life Program in Irkaswaa village has installed clean water in March 2018. The next step is to install a distribution system to the water scare area by taking advantage of a borehole we implemented.
With your continued support we will install 3 water distribution centers throughout the village of Irsawwaa to reduce the walking distance to obtain clean water. We will construct a 50,000-gallon storage tank and pipe water to the neediest population. This project will be completed in 3 phases, as soon as funds are available. See our plan below.
Water Program Impact
The completion of this water program will highly benefit the community because access to clean water will improve the overall health of the community, eliminating diseases and deaths related to water. Everyone in the community will benefit from access to clean water, including mothers and children. With access to clean water, the women will not have to walk and carry water long distances. Mothers can engage in economic activities and increase income to care for their families. More girls will go to school to receive an education, rather than staying home to help their mothers carry water, eliminating the cycle of poverty and inequality for girls.
The estimated cost for materials to implement the remaining stages of the project is $51,700. The cost of the water storage tank is estimated to be $25,000. The remaining funds requested will be used for implementation of the additional water distribution points.
Phase 1: Borewell Completed In March 2018
Phase 2: $25,000
Phase 3: 26,700
Total Cost Remaining: $51,700
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Irkaswaa Village Photo Gallery